Book Review: Navigating Network Complexity

From a small number of hosts that are unreachable to large Internet outages, complexity sneaks up and bites network operators, sometimes at the most unexpected and undesirable times. While many mistakes in networks are manual configuration errors, the events of August 30th 2020, served to remind, that automated processes can sometimes propagate a mistake, fast,…

We Automate to Grow: The Past and Future of IP Networks

Imagine a world where IP networks did not have dynamic routing protocols. What would be the alternative? Configuring routes via a management system? Would the network with the best management system have a competitive advantage over other networks? How would that network respond to frequent topology changes? Would there be few networks that operated well,…

As Simple as a Static

Dynamic routing changed the networking landscape in ways that can barely be remembered or articulated. Can anyone really imagine a network such as the Internet, with so many different networks (dare I say “internets”), each with their own administrative entity, and administrative policy, with such a rich “mesh” of connectivity/reachability, emerging as it has, with…

BGP for Service Layer Migration and Perhaps More

The Important Over the next five years (Network 2025), migration will be top of mind for IP Architects and Engineers, as many networks transition to Segment Routing (SR) for MPLS (SR MPLS), Segment Routing for IPv6 (SRv6), IPv6 (without segment routing), and other migration scenarios in between. BGP-based VPNs support numerous forwarding/data planes, enabling the…

Segment Routing: The Journey Back Home

In December 1995, the IETF published RFC 1883, Internet Protocol Version 6. A reasonably modest size document, clearly articulating a focus on expanded addressing, IPv4 header format simplification, improved support for options, flow labeling, authentication & privacy. As the years went on, a good number of people started to see IPv6 as the basis of…